Dating near 85375

27 Feb

425 BCE: Babylonians sailed to the South China Sea. Robert Temple, The Genius of China (from Needham), p.151 356-321 BCE: The Periplus (pilot book) of Niarchus, an officer of Alexander the Great, describes the Persian coast.Niarchus commissioned thirty oared galleys to transport the troops of Alexander the Great from northwest India back to Mesopotamia, via the Persian Gulf and the Tigris, an established commercial route. Fernando, 334-323 BCE: Eratosthenes, the librarian at Alexandria, drew a map which includes Sri Lanka and the mouth of the Ganges.c.33000-38000 BCE: Humans settled in Australia, after crossing open sea.Peter Bellwood, ‘Ancient seafarers’, Archaeology Vol.50 No.2, Mar/Apr 1997, c.6000-4000 BCE: Neolithic dugout boats and wooden paddles have been excavated at Hemudu and Xiaoshan in China’s Zhejiang province.A Neolithic wooden oar and possible fragments of two boats dated up to 6000 BCE have been excavated in Changnyeong, South Korea.Kenneth Hall, Maritime trade and state development in early Southeast Asia, p.28; officer Onesicrities sailed southwards, and later descriptions of the voyage mention Taprobane (Sri Lanka). BCE: The Mauryan emperor Chandragupta established a naval bureaucracy with a charter.

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Ma Xiangyong, ‘Xu Fu, one of the navigation forerunners in the world’, p.185. Silk Rd 2001, p.17 C4th BCE: A lodestone compass was mentioned in the Chinese Book of the Devil Valley Master, ‘they carry a south-pointer with them so as not to lose their way’.

Museum of the Nanyue king, 1999, p.133 122 BCE: King Zhao Mo of Nanyue died.

His tomb in Guangzhou contains African ivory, and a silver box from Persia. 118 BCE: Ptolemy VIII appointed Eudoxus of Cyzicus to lead a voyage from Egypt to India, guided by an Indian who had been shipwrecked in Egypt.

Tang Zhiba, ‘The influence of the sail on the development of the ancient navy’, p.60 – citing Yuan Kang, ‘Yue Jue Shu‘ (‘Lost records of the State of Yue’) [in Chinese, East Han dynasty].

547-490 BCE: ‘Qi Jinggong, king of Qi [on the coast of Shandong province] in 547-490 BCE, had a joyful tour at sea for six months.’ Ma Xiangyong, ‘Xu Fu, one of the navigation forerunners in the world’, p.185, quoting ‘Talk of Tortuosity, Remonstrant Piece’ [in Chinese, Han dynasty].